Ratchasima at a glance
Nakhon Ratchasima, generally known as "Khorat", is Thailand's largest
province situated on sprawling northeast plateau. Located
approximately 260 kilometers northeast of Bangkok, the city itself
serves as the gateway to the lower northeastern region.
Covering an area of 25,494 square kilometers that is mainly plateaus
and mountainous terrain, Khorat has fascinating traditions, charming
hospitality, splendid natural scenery and awesome historical sites.
Some of the main attractions in Khorat are Khmer ruins. Scattered
around the province, these products of ancient wisdom shines through
time. One of the Thailand's finest Khmer ruins can be seen here next
to Mon and Lao sites. In addition, Khorat has an abundance of natural
attractions in its forests, hills, wildlife and waterfalls that are
easily accessible in locations such as Khao Yai National Park.
Apart from the famous statue of Khun Ying Mo, Khorat is most well
known for silk weaving (in Pak Thong Chai) and a variety of top-notch
quality handicrafts such as clay pottery products of Dan Kwian.
Geographically, Nakhon Ratchasima borders on Chiyaphum and Khon Kaen
Provinces in the north, Buriram Province in the east, Chiyaphum and
Saraburi Provinces in the west and Nakhon Nayok and Prachin Buri
Provinces in the south.
is also the largest northeastern province. Inhabitants of the province
are mainly engaged in agricultural activities that include farming of
rice and other crops such as sugar cane, tapioca, corn, jute, peanuts,
sesame and fruits. There are more than 100 savings and agricultural
cooperatives in the province, 35 irrigation projects and 7,122
industrial factories. Most of the factories are rice mills, tapioca
product manufacturers, and industrial factories.
Khorat's most popular annual event is the Thao Suranari Festival, a
celebration of Thao Suranari's victory over the Lao. It's held from
late March to early April and features parades.
Khorat used to be the site of several ancient prehistoric communities.
Little is known about the early history of Khorat, except that it used
to be part of a kingdom called Sri Janas (Si Janat) an empire that
extended its power to the entire Khorat Plateau.
Initially the predominant cultural influence in the city was that of
the Dvaravati culture, however, it was later replaced by the Khmer
culture. The prehistoric site of Ban Prasat is an evidence of this
occurrence while traces of both the Dvaravati and Khmer cultures are
scattered throughout the province, particularly at Amphur Sung Noen
and Amphur Phimai.
Once an administrative and cultural center, Khorat's role today
remains unchanged as it is currently the main transportation,
industrial and economic hub of the Northeast.
Tourism Authority of Thailand